Bali Tenganan Village is one of the Oldest Balinese Traditional Village located in Karangasem Regency, east part of Bali. This village is much referred by cultural literature science of Tenganan Pegringsingan, which is very famous in the island. It own very unique local community life pattern which is one example of Bali Aga Village cultures (Hindu Prehistoric) and different with other countryside in plain of Bali. Nowadays, this village has been appointed as a place for tourist destination which can present the attractive and unique matters which able to add the variation of object and fascination for tourist to come. A very pleasant experience to see the oldest village that still maintains its traditions and culture from generation to generation and is not eroded by modern times, cultural tourism that is very interesting for you to know if you are vacationing on this beautiful islands
All you need to know about Tenganan Village
The location of Tenganan village is located in the eastern area of the island of Bali, namely in Karangasem, close to the tourist destination of Candidasa, if you drive from Kuta the distance is quite far, and it takes about 2 hours to drive to the east. If you want to explore for yourself, it would be nice if you use google map as a guide to get to this location from Tenganan village. And if you don't want to explore on your own, our Bali Tour provides a Hire Car and Driver program that you can use to get here by offering comfortable transportation and also accompanied by an experienced driver that will make the trip to this village very enjoyable, and also you can visit other tourist destinations that are in one direction to get here such as Goa Lawah Temple and also other tourist destinations that are no less interesting and will certainly make your day full of meaning
The Mythology story of Tenganan Village can be told from several mythological stories that have to do with this Tenganan Pegringsingan village which is still alive among the people of Setempet, namely, in ancient times when it was still in the era of the Belalu kingdom which was led by a very powerful and arrogant king. named Mayadenawa, during his reign all the people of Peneges Village in the territory of this ancient kingdom were prohibited from carrying out religious ceremonies and praying to the Besakih Temple, the behavior of this Mayadenawa king was heard in heaven so that the gods were angry and Bhatara Indra came down to the world to fight the king. the very powerful king, in this war King Mayadenawa was defeated by Bhatara Indra, this victory was celebrated by the residents of Peneges Village and Bhatara Indra ordered the residents to return to pray to the Besakih temple, while this ceremony was named Asua Medayad, namely the sacrifice ceremony using use a horse with white hair named Onceswara.
When the ceremony was about to be carried out by the residents of Peneges Village, suddenly Onceswara's horse disappeared, Bhatara Indra ordered all residents to look for the horse. The search team was divided into two groups, the first group headed northwest and the second group headed northeast. The group that looked to the northwest found nothing and then they built houses and settled in Beratan. The second group who searched to the northeast managed to find the horse but it was dead. Bhatara indra knew this and said "hi.. Peneges people don't be sad, even if your Onceswara horse is found dead I will repay your services. For that I bestow this area for you. Regarding the area to the limit of the Onceswara horse carcass smelling " Hearing this, the villagers of Penages finally cut the horse into pieces and threw the pieces in all directions so that they could dominate the area.
From the Tenganan mythological story, As for the megalithic relic that was found, it was believed by the community that it was passed down from generation to generation that the relics were actually pieces of the Onceswara horse that were cut and thrown in all directions with the aim of expanding the territory of the land bestowed by Bhatara Indra, where the pieces of the horse are turned into stones and relics which are consecrated by the villagers of Tenganan and worshiped on certain days and the function is also different for each relic found here. now we can still see the relic and location of the horse onceswara died, where the local community considers it a holy place or places of worship such as:
Since Bhatara Indra said to inhabit this place, the villagers of Peneges built a village consisting of three hills, namely Kangin hill (east), Kaut hill (west) and Kaja hill (north), because the village is located between three hills, the village it is called by the name Middle and over time the middle word changes to Tenganan. It is a small village consisted of three Banjars (group of local community) those are Banjar Kauh, Banjar Tengah and Banjar Pande. The structure of resident in Tenganan village is built in linear consisted of six rays. Each of ray consisted of some lawn broadly, the building form where the local community use it to present the handicraft for tourists. All the tradition existences of the human being are harmoniously with the God, human and environment as according to Tri Hita Karana concept
Traditional houses in Tenganan Village have very significant differences with residential houses in Bali, where in general this difference is due to the concept of spatial division in Sanga Mandala, namely dividing the house plot into nine parts which are located in the northeast direction, which is the highest hierarchical area. which is influenced by the philosophy of seamount orientation and east west (rising and setting). In Tenganan village, the Meulu to Tengah concept applies in a residential plot with the highest hierarchical space located in an area close to the front/outside courtyard because the main road (awangan) is considered a sacred area. Residential houses in Tenganan Village always consist of four main building units, namely:
Bali Tenganan Village as the oldest village on the island of Bali, where the residents still maintain and preserve their culture and culture, make Tenganan village a cultural tourism that still exists today. The professions of the residents here in general are craftsmen, agriculture, plantations and also fishermen, where the Tenganan village is located not far from this candidasa beach. The most dominant are handicrafts such as woven bamboo, carvings, paintings on palm leaves and also the most famous is the pegringsingan woven cloth. The pegringsingan weaving craft since its introduction has received positive responses from tourists, so that many families here pursue a profession as pegringsingan weavers. You can see from the residents' houses where there are looms used to weave cloth. And because of the positive response, most of them do this pegringsingan weaving business, in addition to preserving the culture of the Tenganan village as well as to increase additional income by selling woven fabrics to foreign and domestic tourists.
Apart from being an old cultural village and maintaining its characteristics from generation to generation, there is one unique thing here, namely the weaving craft called the pegringsingan weaving craft. The famous traditional weaving craft of Pegringsingan in Tenganan village comes from the word geringsing which is derived from the words "gering" which means sick and "sing" which means no, which means no pain which is literally interpreted as a tool to keep away evil or magical activities. known as black magic to approach us. This pegringsingan weaving craft is only found in the village of Tenganan, which makes this village a characteristic of weaving, which is also known as Tenganan Pegringsingan Village. If you really like weaving, then you should visit this village to see the process of making pegringsingan woven cloth, where the manufacturing process is still very traditional and only the time for making one cloth takes a very long time of about 3-6 months and even if the motif is a bit complicated can take up to a year to complete, because the manufacturing process is very long, the price of this weaving is set a bit expensive
Since it was introduced to foreign tourists visiting this Tenganan village, the pegringsingan weaving craft is in great demand by foreign tourists and also many of the residents here have changed professions by weaving this pegringsingan cloth, you can see this if you enter this Tenganan village and look at it. On the left and right of the house there are household businesses that make this Tenganan Pegringsingan weaving, with very diverse motifs and at a hefty price, because the long manufacturing process makes the price a little expensive, but it will not be an obstacle for lovers of Pegringsingan weaving, because very commensurate with the resulting weaving, which is very amazing. A very beautiful work that you can only get in this Tenganan village, it is not wrong if this Tenganan village is also called the Tenganan Pegringsingan Village, because on the island of Bali only in Tenganan village there is this Pegringsingan weaving craft.
The pegringsingan woven fabric in Tenganan Village long ago functioned as a tool in various religious ceremonies such as the metatah ceremony (tooth cutting) and wedding ceremonies. The process of processing is long and also coloring that uses natural materials that cannot have a thick and long-lasting color if it is not given the color produced by candlenut oil, therefore making this pegringsingan woven fabric relatively expensive, and this pegringsingan weaving is one - the only one in Indonesia that uses the double ikat technique which requires a long process, and this gringsing fabric is one of the ancient cultural heritages in Bali that still survives today. And this pegringsingan woven fabric is also used as a souvenir for the participants of the 2022 G20 Summit which will be held in December on the island of Bali. for the economy of the local community in Tenganan Village
Tenganan village is also often referred to as Bali Aga and this village was not influenced by the culture of the Majapahit kingdom that entered Bali, so this village looks very unique in terms of culture and customs. Apart from being a very unique cultural tourism which still maintains its cultural tourism until now and also as one of the centers of the Pegringsingan weaving craft, it turns out that this Tenganan village has a very unique tradition called the Pandan War or better known as the Mekare-Kare. where village youths will fight each other using pandan leaves and wearing shields made of woven rattan. Mekare-kare is also the culmination of a traditional ceremonial procession called Usaba Sambah. During the war, the event will be enlivened by the accompaniment of seloding gamelan music. A tradition that is very unique and occurs not every day but only on certain days which falls once a year, so if you want to see this festival of wars of views, you have to ask the administrators of this Tenganan village about when the Perang pandan or Mekare - Kare festival takes place or better known as War Dance
This Mekare-kare procession or War Dance is one of the Tenganan people's respects to Dewa Indra or the God of War because of the belief of the local community who does not know caste and considers Dewa Indra as the god of all gods. As for the festival of this pandanus war, it will last for one day and involve a fight between two people in a prepared arena with each armed with thorny pandanus and also a round shield made of rota, and there will be one referee who decides the winner and the loser, they will attack each other and defend with one person. Almost all participants will experience wounds all over their bodies due to the sharp thorns of pandan leaves on the skin, but traditional ingredients from grated turmeric and galangal have been prepared with added coconut oil to treat them, so they will not leave scars that are too deep. A very unique tradition in Tenganan Village that you can watch and only once a year on certain days
Visiting one of the cultural tours on the island of Bali, namely Tenganan Village or better known as Tenganan Pegringsingan Village in the eastern part of the island of Bali is one of the tours that will be very memorable in the hearts of visitors, with all the uniqueness of this Tenganan village making visitors very happy. enjoy walking around the village and seeing the village which is still preserved its customs and traditions from year to year and is not eroded by the erosion of an increasingly challenging era. The residents in Tenganan village are very united in preserving their culture, as for if you visit Tenganan village, there are several things you can do here to enjoy the beauty of the village and the unique customs and also see beautiful handicrafts
The facilities in this Tenganan village cultural tourism are very complete, there is a large parking area for tourists who bring vehicles here, can park freely and without worrying, and also visitors will feel comfortable when visiting this area, because several facilities are available here, such as food stalls, good toilets, art shops and a large enough parking area. There are toilet facilities that are quite clean by paying a donation you can use this toilet, and there is also a small shop that sells cold food and drinks here, so you don't need to hesitate anymore to look for drinks that will quench your thirst, there are several souvenir shops around the counter parking area that you can buy as a souvenir has visited this Tenganan old village. A very good facility and will certainly make you feel at home for a long time in this place while seeing the social activities of the residents of this Tenganan village which is very unique and still maintains its characteristics until now